Barberry is an evergreen, deciduous shrub that has a scrubby texture. It has a grooved grey-yellow stem and yellow roots that have toothed leaves and spines. It also bears yellow flowers along with oval shaped red fruits. The medicinal uses of barberry have been known for more than 2000 years and therefore it has been used in a number of traditional medicines to treat an array of diseases and illnesses. Barberry is a detoxifying herb that contains excellent stimulating and sedative properties that help fight a number of disease causing organisms. This herb can be consumed orally as well as be used externally to treat a number of health problems.
The barberry shrub produces edible berries that are a rich source of vitamin C. Barberry contains a chemical known as berberine that gives it its medicinal value. This chemical acts as an antibiotic to kill fungi, bacteria, and protozoa. The fruit, root bark, and stem of barberry contain chemical like protoberberin alkaloids and isoquinoline that are effective in treating a number of ailments. Barberry is also a rich source of B vitamins like thiamine and minerals like zinc.